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April 1, 2021

Future of Space Technology

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The future of space exploration involves both telescopic exploration and the physical exploration of space by robotic spacecraft and human spaceflight

Near-term physical exploration missions, focused on obtaining new information about the solar system, are planned and announced by both national and private organizations. There are tentative plans for crewed orbital and landing missions to the Moon and Mars to establish scientific outposts that will later enable permanent and self-sufficient settlements. Further exploration will potentially involve expeditions and settlements on the other planets and their moons as well as establishing mining and fueling outposts, particularly in the asteroid belt. Physical exploration outside the solar system will be robotic for the foreseeable future. Space technologies will one day take us to asteroids, Mars, and back to the moon, and the impact of these missions will be felt back on Earth, says George Whitesides, Chief Executive Officer at Virgin Galactic and co-chair of the Global Future Council on Space Technologies. In this interview, he explains how the latest developments in space technologies will help bring about revolutions in wi-fi access, travel, and beyond. The unique attributes of space enable astronauts to conduct research that could not otherwise be executed on earth. Furthermore, the unrepeated perspective from space looking at earth enables scientists to gain more insight on the earth’s natural environment. Research conducted at the International Space Station aims to benefit human civilizations on earth and extend human knowledge around space and space exploration. Currently, NASA’s research at the ISS includes biomedical research, material science, technology advancement, and methods to enable further space exploration. 


Anti and microgravity enable astronauts to execute medical research that is impossible to perform on earth. For example, NASA’s research on new treatment options for complex diseases, such as Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, requires the use of a microgravity environment to allow the microparticles in the treatment solution to stay robust. NASA has also reported research investment in microbial vaccine development and microencapsulation of drugs for targeted and more efficient treatment delivery. Private companies have also begun to leverage the International Space Station for research purposes. Tech shot and nScrypt launched a 3D Bio Fabrication Facility to the International Space Station in 2019. This device leverages microgravity to 3D print organs which can then be shipped back to earth for use. Ultimately, organs cannot be printed on earth because the fragile tissue collapses under its own weight. Therefore, leveraging the elements of space Tech shot and nScrypt aim to reduce the global organ shortage by printing organs and human tissue in space.

What is the future of space technology?

SpaceX has been a dominant leader in this push for efficient exploration with the release of the Falcon 9, a reusable rocket. NASA’s Artemis program aims to land another man and the first woman on the moon by 2024 and eventually establish sustainable space travel by 2028.

What is the future of space exploration?

  • Automated and robotic exploration of the Solar System and beyond.

  • Telescopic exploration of deep space.

  • Development of innovative spacecraft.

  • Crewed spaceflight and settlements on planets.

  • Space tourism.

  • Mining of other planets

What will NASA do in the future?

As part of the mission, NASA will deploy the Ingenuity helicopter from the rover in the first demonstration of rotorcraft on another planet. The agency also will attempt to produce oxygen from the Martian atmosphere – a critical step for future human exploration of the Red Planet.

What will happen in space in 2020?

2020 will be a groundbreaking year in space. Here are the biggest upcoming rocket missions, meteor showers, eclipses, and more. … Three different space agencies plan to launch new rovers to Mars. SpaceX, meanwhile, plans to launch its first people into orbit on its Crew Dragon capsule.

What will happen in 2022 in space?

Overview. In 2022, the European Space Agency (ESA) plans to launch the JUICE spacecraft, which will explore Jupiter and its large ice-covered moons, following a seven-year transit. Arianespace’s Ariane 6 will make its long-delayed maiden flight, targeting a per-satellite launch cost similar to a Falcon9. 

What stars will explode in 2022?

Bottom line: Astronomer Larry Molnar and colleagues are predicted that the two stars in the KIC 9832227 binary system will merge and explode around the year 2022. If it happens, the system will increase in brightness 10 thousandfold, temporarily becoming a bright star in Earth’s sky.

Will there be a red Nova in 2022?

Red novas: A bright alternative to a supernova.
That’s why red novas are the next-best spectacle to try and witness, as violent and visible stellar deaths go. … Molnar thought he’d found two stars about to explode as a red nova in 2017 — the system KIC 9832227 — which he predicted would happen around 2022.

Can a supernova kill us?

There was a supernova to go off within about 30 light-years of us, which would lead to major effects on the Earth, possibly mass extinctions. X-rays and more energetic gamma-rays from the supernova could destroy the ozone layer that protects us from solar ultraviolet rays.

What year will the Sun die?

But in about 5 billion years, the sun will run out of hydrogen. Our star is currently in the most stable phase of its life cycle and has been since the birth of our solar system, about 4.5 billion years ago. Once all the hydrogen gets used up, the sun will grow out of this stable phase.


Over the last 25 years, as a result of the success of programs like Apollo, Skylab, Viking, Voyager, and the Space Shuttle, the American public has come to expect this country to lead the world in space science, space exploration, and space enterprise. But during the 1980s, membership in the once-exclusive club of spacefaring nations has grown, and our leadership is being challenged in many areas.


In today’s world, America clearly cannot be the leader in all space endeavors. But we will be the leader in very few unless we move promptly to develop a strategy to regain and retain leadership in those areas we deem important.

-Jeba Motahara

Bangladesh Army University of Engineering and Technology (BAUET)

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